Referencing

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Online article (PDF)

Reference list

With DOI

Author AA. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [format]. Publication year [cited YYYY Mon DD];vol(issue). DOI: xxxx

11. Macalister JS. Teaching ethics: research into practice. Ethical Tchg [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2016 Feb 14]; 147(3). DOI: 10.987654/etchg.1234.123.12.1

Without DOI

Author AA. Author BB. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [format]. Publication year [cited YYYY Mon DD]; vol(issue). Available from: http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

12. Sparling P. Reflections on exercise science. J Phys Edu. [Internet]. 2016 Jan 28 [cited 2018 Sep 19]; 87(1):5-6. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07303084.2016.1119548

In-text

Macalister (11) ..........................

Technological ................................ (12)

Notes

  • Vancouver is a numbered system. All sources appearing in the reference list are listed in the order that they are first cited in the text (not alphabetically)
  • The titles of journals should be abbreviated as they appear in the NLM
  • The word [Internet] in square brackets should be inserted after the abbreviated journal title
  • The URL (web address) or the DOI must be included at the end of the reference
  • The reference list is a numbered list and should be single spaced with one line space between each entry
  • Only the author's initials are included regardless of the presentation of the author's name in the source document. Use no more than two initials
  • The citations here use round brackets, but square brackets, [], or superscript may also be used
  • The citation numbers are static. The same number should be used for the same source each time it is cited
  • Capitalise the first letter of the first word of the title only. The first word of the subtitle is not capitalised
  • For multiple authors, check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Cochrane review

Reference list

Author AA. Author BB. Title of article. Database name [Internet]. Date [cited YYYY Mon DD]. Available from: http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

13. Hobson SR, Mockler JC, Lim R, Alers NO, Miller SL, Wallace EM. Melatonin for preventing pre-eclampsia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2015 Jun 24]. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD011657/

In-text

Hobson et al. (13) .............................

Studies................................. (13).

Notes

  • Vancouver is a numbered system. All sources appearing in the reference list are listed in the order that they are first cited in the text (not alphabetically)
  • The word [Internet] in square brackets should be inserted after the abbreviated database name
  • The URL (web address) must be included at the end of the reference
  • The reference list is a numbered list and should be single spaced with one line space between each entry
  • Only the author's initials are included regardless of the presentation of the author's name in the source document. Use no more than two initials
  • The citations here use round brackets, but square brackets, [], or superscript may also be used
  • The citation numbers are static. The same number should be used for the same source each time it is cited
  • Capitalise the first letter of the first word of the title only. The first word of the subtitle is not capitalised
  • For multiple authors, check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format