Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Online article (PDF)

Reference list

With doi

Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx–xxx, viewed Day Month Year, <doi: xxxxxx>.
Fulgoni, GM 2018, 'Are you targeting too much? effective marketing strategies for brands', Journal of Advertising Research, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 8-11, viewed 15 August 2018, <doi: 10.2501/JAR-2018-008>.
 

Without doi

Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx–xxx.
Kumar, V 2018, 'A theory of customer valuation: concepts, metrics, strategy, and implementation', Journal of Marketing, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 1-19.

In-text

Kumar (2018) believes that ...or (Kumar 2018, p. 5). or Kumar (2018, p.5) states...

Notes

  • Unless the article has a doi, reference as if using the print version of article. No viewed date or url is necessary
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Open access journal article

Reference list

Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx–xxx, viewed Day Month Year, <doi: xxxx> or <http://xxxxxxxx>.
Bošnjak, M 2018, 'Swiss franc from the Croatian perspective', Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, vol. 7, no. 3, viewed 12 October 2018, <https://doi.org/10.2478/jcbtp-2018-0022>.

In-text

Bošnjak (2018) believes that ... or (Bošnjak 2018, p. 43). or Bošnjak (2018, p. 43) describes ............

Notes

  • Some journals freely available online may have document or article numbers rather than issue numbers
  • If there is no PDF and no page numbers provided use paragraph numbers
  • If a DOI is available use that in preference to a URL
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Advance online publishing

Reference list

Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, in press, viewed Day Month Year, <doi: xxxx>.
Miller, JD 2018, 'When two existential risks are better than one', Foresight, in press, viewed 15 October 2018, <https://doi.org/10.1108/FS-04-2018-0038>.

In-text

Miller (2018) describes... or (Miller 2018, p. 5). or Miller (2018, p. 5) states ...............

Notes

  • There will not be any volume or issue details because it has not been published yet in a journal
  • The date will be the year that it was first published online
  • If there is no DOI, use the URL <http://xxxxxxxx>
  • If the article has no page numbers, use the paragraph number in the in-text citation (eg: Townsend 2017 para.2)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format