Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Newspapers

Reference list

Print newspaper or News database

Author, AA Year, 'Title of article', Title of Newspaper, Day Month of issue, pp. xxx–xxx.
Worrall, A 2018, 'Opening doors to change lives', Sunday Age, 1 April, p. 12.

News website

Author, AA Year, 'Title of article', Title of Newspaper, Day Month of issue, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Hutchens, G 2018 Multinationals move $16bn from Australia to tax havens each year, Guardian, 20 June, viewed 8 August 2018, <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/20/multinationals-move-16bn-from-australia-to-tax-havens-each-year>.

In-text

............. (Hutchens, 2018).
(Hutchens, 2018, para. 6) .....................

Notes

  • If there is no author use the title of the article both in-text and in the reference list
  • The title of the newspaper is written in italics and leave out 'The' e.g. Age not The Age
  • Include the month and day of publication as well as the year
  • Reference a newspaper article from a database, e.g. Factiva or ProQuest in exactly the same way as you would a newspaper article in print, there is no need to acknowledge which database the article came from
  • Page numbers must be used in the reference list of newspaper articles and preceded by p. or pp.
  • If there are no page numbers use the paragraph no. e.g. para. 10
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Online video

Reference list

No author

Title of video Year, format, day month (video was posted), name of organisation or website, viewed day month year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

50 years of Qantas leadership in jet services 2009, Youtube video, 27 July, Qantas, viewed 18 August 2018, <https://youtu.be/_4lnbaeOKpk>.

Author

Person or organisation who posted the video year, Title of video, format, day month (video posted), name of organisation or website, viewed day month year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

TED Talks 2006 Hans Rosling: the best stats you've ever seen, online video, February, TED, viewed 8 August 2018, <https://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_shows_the_best_stats_you_ve_ever_seen>.

In-text

.......................(50 years of Qantas leadership in jet services 2009).

TED Talks (2006) shows............

Notes

  • Videos can be in more than one site. Reference the one you accessed
  • On some platforms the author is the person or organisation who posts the video
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Streaming video (TV)

Reference list

TV Program (single episode)

Title of program Year, format, publisher, place, date of broadcast.

Atanasoff: the father of the computer 2015, television program, Special Broadcasting Service, Australia, May 25.

TV Series (multiple episodes per series)

Title of episode, Title of series Year, format, publisher, place, date of broadcast.

Super risk, Four corners 2018, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australia, March 26.

In-text

..........................(Super risk, Four corners, 2018).

....in Super risk, Four corners (2018)

Notes

  • If the program is part of a series put the episode title first followed by the series title both in italics

Film from a database

Reference list

Title of film Year, format, publisher, place, additional information.

Wall street 1987, DVD, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, Moore Park, NSW. Directed by Oliver Stone.

In-text

...............(Wall street, 1987).

In the film Wall street (1987) .........

Notes

  • Any special credits and other information that may be useful can be noted after the citation

Podcast

Reference list

Author, AA Year, Title of episode, Title of podcast, format, Day Month (of upload), name of organisation or website, viewed day month year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Koenig, S 2013 Episode 1: The alibi, Serial, podcast, 3 October, This American Life, viewed 20 August 2018, <https://serialpodcast.org/season-one/1/the-alibi>.

In-text

..........(Koenig, 2013).

In the first episode of Serial (2013)..............

Notes

  • If the podcast has no recognisable author, start with the title and put the year after the title. Use the title in the in-text referencing.
  • If there are no episodes just give the title of the podcast
  • If it is a video podcast or vodcast use vodcast as the format type
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format