Referencing

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Webpage

Reference list

Author, AA Year, Title of webpage, Name of Organisation or Website, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Website

Qantas n.d., The Qantas story, Qantas, viewed 11 October 2018, <https://www.qantas.com/travel/airlines/history/global/en>.

Document from a website

Sustainability Victoria 2009, Energy efficiency best practice guide lighting, Sustainability Victoria, viewed 11 October 2018, <https://www.sustainability.vic.gov.au/Business/Efficient-business-operations/Energy-efficiency-for-business/Energy-efficiency-best-practice-guidelines>.

In-text

Qantas (n.d.) tells us in their history that…

........(Sustainability Victoria 2018, p. 5).

Notes

  • If no individual author is identified, use the name of the organisation as the author
  • The year is the date the site was created or last revised / updated
  • If directly quoting the text of a webpage, use paragraph number (para.) in place of page number.
  • If you cannot identify the date of a website, indicate "no date" by using n.d. instead.
  • If the URL is very long the URL of the main site is acceptable.
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Company reports

Reference list

Publisher Year, Title of report, report type, viewed Day Month Year, retrieved from database.

MarketLine 2018, Westpac Banking Corporation, company profile, viewed 12 October 2018, retrieved from Business Source Complete.

IBISWorld 2018, Bega Cheese Limited, company report, viewed 12 October 2018, retrieved from IBISWorld.

In-text

...... (MarketLine 2018, p. 8)

Notes

  • Always use the PDF where available
  • If no individual author is identified, use the name of the publisher/database as the author
  • The year is when the report was published
  • If the report type is not in the title of the document, then include the report type (e.g. company report, company profile)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Industry reports

Reference list

Publisher Year, Title of report, report type, viewed Day Month Year, retrieved from database.
Author, AA Year, Title of report, report type, Publisher, viewed Day Month Year, retrieved from database.

Publisher as author

Euromonitor International 2018, Soft drinks in Germany, country report, viewed 12 October 2018, retrieved from Passport.

Person as author

Aravanis, J 2018, Book publishing in Australia, industry report, IBISWorld, viewed 12 October 2018, retrieved from IBISWorld.

In-text

...... (Euromonitor International 2018, p. 25).

....... (Aravanis 2018, p. 5).

Notes

  • Always use the PDF where available
  • If no individual author is identified, use the name of the publisher/database as the author
  • The year is when the report was published
  • If the report type is not in the title of the document, then include the report type (e.g. industry report)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Government reports

Reference list

Author AA Year, Title of report, Publisher or Department responsible, Place of Publication if available, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 2018, 'Innovation strategy 2018-21: seizing opportunities, solving challenges', DFAT, Canberra, viewed 12 October 2018, <https://ixc.dfat.gov.au/research-resources/>.

DFAT see Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

In-text

 ...... (DFAT 2018, p. 25)

Notes

  • Always use the PDF where available
  • In government publications, the author and publisher are often the same.
  • Abbreviate long group names if using often and reference both the abbreviated and full department name in the reference list
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Statistics

Reference list

Author Year, Title of document, cat. no. xxx, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Innovation in Australian business 2016-17, cat. no. 8158.0, viewed 11 October 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/8158.0Main+Features12016-17?OpenDocument>.

In-text

................................(Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018).

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (2018) reported…

Notes

  • For Australian government statistics, the author and publisher will always be the Australian Bureau of Statistics, which can be abbreviated to ABS in subsequent in-text citations
  • Year of publication is the year it is released, not always the date in the title
  • Include the catalogue number preceded by cat. no. (the number is part of the title on ABS publications)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Standards

Reference list

Standards Organization Year, Title of standard, Standard number, viewed Day Month Year, retrieved from Database.

Standards Australia. (2009).Risk Management Principles and Guidelines, AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009, viewed 12 October 2018, retrieved from SAI Global.

In-text

.........(Standards Australia 2009, p. 5)

Standards Australia (2009, p. 20) recommend that…

Conference papers

Reference list

Published paper

Author, AA & Author, BB Year, ‘Title of conference paper’, Title of conference, Publisher, Place of publication, pp. xx-xx, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Aron, D & Aurand, T 2018, 'Developing a graduate-level online digital branding class: a collaborative approach', in L Lindgren & L Samii (eds), Marketing Management Association Annual Spring Conference Proceedings, Marketing Management Association, Chicago, pp. 12-14, viewed 12 October 2018, <http://www.mmaglobal.org/publications/Proceedings/2018-MMA-Spring-Conference-Proceedings.pdf>.

Unpublished paper

Author, AA Year, ‘Title of conference paper’, paper presented at Title of conference, Host of Conference, Location of Conference, date(s) of conference, viewed Day Month Year, <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>.

Dixon, J 2017, 'The impacts of a cut to company tax in Australia', paper presented at 2017 Australian Conference of Economists, Sofitel Sydney, 19-21 July, viewed 12 October 2018, <http://esacentral.org.au/images/JanineDixon.pdf>.

In-text

'The structural implications by a tax cut...' (Dixon 2017, p. 7).

Notes

  • The Title of conference is put in italics if the paper is published. If the paper is unpublished the title is NOT in italics
  • If the published proceedings list editors these should be added in between 'Title of the conference paper' and Title of the conference in the same manner as in chapter in an edited book
  • Use the phrase paper presented at after the title of the paper and before the title of the conference if the paper is unpublished
  • If the paper has a DOI, use <doi: xxx> instead of <http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format