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Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.



  • The reference list is placed at the end of the assessment on a new page.
  • The heading 'References' should be centered at the top of the page.
  • The reference entries should be listed in numerical order.
  • The order of the reference list should follow the order of citation in the text of the assessment (not alphabetical).
  • The reference list entry should be single spaced with double line spaces between each entry.
  • Abbreviations are used for the titles of publications and publishers. Refer to IEEE Reference Guide (2022) for examples. If there is no relevant example spell out the word.

Reference list


[1] P. J. Deitel and H. Deitel, Intro to Python for Computer Science and Data Science: Learning to Program with AI, Big Data and the Cloud. New York, NY, USA: Pearson Education, 2020.  
[2] C. Wang and K. Chen, "Analysis of network information retrieval method based on metadata ontology," Int. J. Antennas Propag., vol. 2022, Sept. 2022, Art. no. 2664639, doi:10.1155/2022/2664639.
[3] S. E. Ahmed, Ed., Big and Complex Data Analysis Methodologies and Applications. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017. 
[4] S. S. Rizvi, "Social enterprise: Applicability of the competitor identification framework,"  M.S. thesis, Fac. Law & Bus., Aust. Catholic Univ., Sydney, NSW, 2015, doi:10.4226/66/5a9cb6c7b0b78.
[5] B. Perls and L. Susskind, "Municipal cybersecurity: More work needs to be done," Urban Affairs Rev., vol. 58, pp. 614-629, Mar. 2022, doi: 10.1177/1078087420973760.
[6] S. Frihart, "Context-sensitive, personalized search at the Point of Care," in ACM/IEEE Joint Conf. Digital Libraries, (Cologne, Germany), 2022, pp.1-2, doi: 10.1145/3529372.3530945.
[7] Wall Street Journal. Why Global Supply Chains May Never Be the Same: A WSJ Documentary. (Mar. 24, 2022). Accessed: Aug. 13, 2022. [Online Video].
[8] J. Godinho. "Exploring careers in data science one byte at a time." Emeritus.  Accessed: Sept. 24, 2022. [Online]. Available:
[9] B. Gates, "New ways to prevent and treat malaria are within reach. They’ll make it possible—with the right funding and commitment—to end malaria." Twitter. Accessed: Sep. 9, 2022. [Online]. Available:
[10] A. L. Russell and L. Vinsel, "Make maintainers: Engineering education and an ethics of care," in Does America Need More Innovators, M. Wisinioski, E. S. Hintz, and M. S. Kleine, Eds. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 2019. [Online]. Available: Open Research Library.