From Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., p.266), Washington: American Psychological Association 2020.
|Type of citation||First citation in text||Subsequent citations in text||Parenthetical format, first citation in text||Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text|
|One work by one author||Walker (2007)||Walker (2007)||(Walker, 2007)||(Walker, 2007)|
|One work by two authors||Walker and Allen (2004)||Walker and Allen (2004)||(Walker & Allen, 2004)||(Walker & Allen, 2004)|
|One work by three or more authors*||Bradley et al. (1999)||Bradley et al. (1999)||(Bradley et al., 1999)||(Bradley et al., 1999)|
|Groups (readily identified through abbreviation) as authors||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2003)||NIMH (2003)||(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003)||(NIMH, 2003)|
|Groups (no abbreviation) as authors||University of Pittsburgh (2005)||University of Pittsburgh (2005)||(University of Pittsburgh, 2005)||(University of Pittsburgh, 2005)|
*To avoid ambiguity, write out as many names as required to differentiate citations with the same authors, and add 'et al.' for the remainder of the author's names.
Kapoor, Bloom, Montez, Warner, and Hill (2017)
Kapoor, Bloom, Zucker, Tang, Koroglu, L'Enfant, Kim, and Daly (2017)
In shortened and disambiguated form, the citations become:
Kapoor, Bloom, Montez, et al. (2017)
Kapoor, Bloom, Zucker, et al. (2017)
Forero, R., McDonnell, G., Gallego, B., McCarthy, S., Mohsin, M., Shanley, C., & Hillman, K. (2012). A literature review on care at the end-of-life in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine International, 2012, 486516. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/486516
Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Saha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W., Higgins, W., Janowiak, J., Mo, K. C., Ropelewski, C., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A. … Joseph, D. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40 year renalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meterological Society, 77(3), 437-471. https://doi.org/fg6rf9
van Mill, D. (2017) Free speech and the state: An unprincipled approach. Springer International. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51635-6
Follows the reference list style for the source you are using
Woolley, G. (2014). Developing literacy in the primary classroom. SAGE Publications.
.... future of literacy (Kress, 2003, as cited in Woolley, 2014).