Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Image from a website or database


Artist or creator Last Name, First Name. Title of Work. Date. Medium. Dimensions (if applicable). Museum Name, Museum Location (if applicable). Accessed Month Day, Year, http://xxxxxxxxxxx.
van Gogh, Vincent. The Starry Night. 1889. Oil on canvas. 73.7 x 92.1 cm. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Accessed August 28, 2018,


A painting of a town with a large sky full of stars

First footnote

1. Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889, oil on canvas, 73.7 x 92.1 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York, accessed August 28, 2018,

Subsequent footnotes

2. van Gogh, The Starry Night.


  • The title of the image is in Italics
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are caplitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • If an artwork does not have an exact date, use an approximate date preceded by ca. (short for circa) e.g. ca. 1450
  • if image found in a database, e.g. ArtSTOR, use the url of the image supplied in the database (often under "cite this item" menu)

Image from a book or journal article


Use a bibliography entry for a book or journal article



A group of people gathered around a baby

1. Piero Della Francesca, The Nativity, ca. 1415-1492, National gallery, London, in Masterpieces of Biblical Art (Avenel Books, 1973), 54.

Figure or map

Ancient map of Greece

Reference as per book. After the page number, note any figure number and caption.

1. Robin Osborne, Greece in the Making 1200-479 BC, 2nd ed. (Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2009). 36. Figure 4. Sites occupied in Late Helladic IIIA2 and IIIB.

Subsequent footnotes

3. Osborne, Greece in the Making 1200-479 BC.


  • The title of the work is in italics
  • If the source is online, the url must be included