Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.


A  list of the major changes from AGLC3 to AGLC4 are listed below.

Our examples are based on the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4 (AGLC4).

More information at Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4 (AGLC4) (Melbourne University Law Review Association, 4th ed, 2018).

You can also use the Academic Skills Unit's Leo resources on academic writing, referencing and academic integrity to develop your skills. There are workshops, drop-ins and consultations available where you can get help.

Also for more help with AGLC4 see the AGLC4 Twitter feed.

Changes in AGLC4 from AGLC3

In 2019 a new edition of AGLC was released by Melbourne University Law review - AGLC4.

This list of changes is not exhaustive. For the full summary see the document attached below the list.

Changes include:

Changes in General Rules including:

  • Subsequent references (rule 1.4.1) - The style has changed to '(n [Footnote Number]')
  • The rule has been broadened to apply to all source types
  • ‘above n’/‘below n’ is now only used when referring to parts within a text (rule 1.4.2)

Changes in Cases including:

  • Subsequent references may now be used for cases (rule 2.1.14)
  • Medium Neutral Citations no longer require a full date (rule 2.3.1)

Changes in legislation including:

  • Subsequent references may now be used for legislation (rule 3.5)

Changes in secondary sources including: - Note there is a new chapter containing general rules for secondary sources.

  • There should be no spaces between initials in names (rule 4.1.1)
  • Only italicize sources (eg case names) in the title of the journal article if they are italicized in the original source (rule 4.2)
  • Subtitles should be separated from the title by a colon regardless of the punctuation used in the original source (rule 4.2)

Also there are new rules on citing online journal articles, providing hyperlinks to internet sources and international materials.