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The Bible, Qur'an, Torah


Reference print version used as per print or online book, e.g.

Author Last name, First name. Title of Book. Location of publication: Publisher, year of publication.

Holy Bible: New Revised Standard Version. Catholic ed. San Francisco: Harper Collins, 2007.


(John 14:17, NRSV).

(Qur'an 16:128).


  • Footnote not required for sacred text references. Cite in-text in parentheses as per examples above.
  • In ACU School of Theology, use the shortened name of biblical books. See table below "Abbreviations for Biblical Books".
  • Version information is not required after the first reference, unless using a different version.
  • Page numbers are not required as the chapter and verse is sufficient information.

Vatican and Papal documents


Published as a print book or book chapter

Author. Title of Book. Location of publication: Publisher, year of publication.
Author. "Title of Chapter." In Title of Book, edited by Editor First Name, Surname, page numbers. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of Publication

Vatican II Council. "Dei Verbum: Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation." In Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents, edited by A. Flannery, 750-765. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1975.

Found online

Author. "Title of Document." Description. Accessed Month Day, Year. http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Vatican II Council. "Dogmatic constitution on divine revelation: Dei verbum." Solemnly promulgated by His Holiness Pope Paul VI on November 18, 1965. Accessed September 5, 2018.


First footnote

1 Vatican II Council, Dei Verbum (hereafter DV), Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, par. 1, in Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents, ed. A. Flannery (Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1975), 24.

Subsequent footnotes

4 DV, 25.


  • Author will be Vatican Council or Pope name (excluding the title "Pope"), e.g. Vatican II Council, John Paul II, Francis
  • Latin words within titles can be formatted in Italics.
  • If referring to the same Vatican council document more than once, subsequent references can use abbreviation. Put a (hereafter) note in the first footnote as per example above

Abbreviations for Vatican II documents

AA Apostolicam actuoisitatem (Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity)
AGD Ad gentes divinitus (Decree on the Church's Missionary Activity)
CD Christus Dominus (Decree on the Pastoral Office of Bishops in the Church)
DH Dignitatis humanae (Declaration on Religious Liberty)
DV Dei verbum (Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation)
GE Gravissimum educationis (Decree on Christian Education)
GS Gaudium et spes (Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World)
IM Inter mirifica (Decree on the Means of Social Communication)
LG Lumen gentium (Dogmatic Constitution on the Church)
NA Nostra aetate (Declaration on the Church's Relations with non-Christian Religions)
OE Orientalium ecclesiarum (Decree on the Catholic Oriental Churches)
OT Optatam totius (Decree on the Training of Priests)
PC Perfectae caritatis (Decree on the Up-to-date Renewal of Religious Life)
PO Presbyterorum ordinis (Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests)
SC Sacrosanctum concilium (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy)
UR Unitatis redintegratio (Decree on Ecumenism)

Abbreviations for Biblical Books

Books of the Bible

Abbreviations used in the school of Theology 

Old Testament

Gen Genesis Song, or Cant Song of Solomon, or Canticles
Exod Exodus Isa Isaiah
Lev Leviticus Jer Jeremiah
Num Numbers Lam Lamentations
Deut Deuteronomy Ezek Ezekiel
Josh Joshua Dan Daniel
Judg Judges Hos Hosea
Ruth Ruth Joel Joel
1-2 Sam 1-2 Samuel Amos Amos
1-2 Kgs 1-2 Kings Obad Obadiah
1-2 Chron 1-2 Chronicles Jon Jonah
Ezra Ezra Mic Micah
Neh Nehemiah Nah Nahum
Esth Esther Hab Habakkuk
Job Job Zeph Zephaniah
Ps(s) Psalm(s) Hag Haggai
Prov Proverbs Zech Zechariah
Eccl (or Qoh) Ecclesiastes (Qohelet) Mal Malachi

Deuterocanonical works and Septuagint

Bar Baruch Jdth Judith
Add Dan Additions to Daniel 1-4 Macc 1-4 Maccabees
Pr Azar Prayer of Azariah Pr Man Prayer of Manasseh
Bel Bel and the Dragon Sir Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)
Sg Three Song of the Three Young Men Tob Tobit
Sus Susanna Wis Wisdom of Solomon
1-2 Esd 1-2 Esdras Ep Jer Epistle of Jeremiah
Add Esth Additions to Esther    

New Testament

Matt Matthew 1-2 Thess 1-2 Thessalonians
Mark Mark 1-2 Tim 1-2 Timothy
Luke Luke Titus Titus
John John Phlm Philemon
Acts Acts Heb Hebrews
Rom Romans Jas James
1-2 Cor 1-2 Corinthians 1-2 Pet 1-2 Peter
Gal Galatians 1-3 John 1-3 John
Eph Ephesians Jude Jude
Phil Philippians Rev Revelation
Col Colossians