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Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.



  • The heading “References” is in bold and centered at the top of the list.
  • The reference list starts on a new page after the text
  • The entire reference list is double spaced, both within and between entries.
  • The second and subsequent lines of a reference have a hanging indent.
  • The references are arranged alphabetically by author family name.
  • If there is no author move the title to the author position.
  • For same author/s same year, use (2015a) (2015b) and arrange alphabetically first by author then by title.
  • Spell out the full name of a group author e.g. Australian Catholic University.
  • Convert DOIs (digital object identifiers) and URLs into live links within the reference list.

Reference list


Allen-Craig, S., & Carpenter, C. (2018). Outdoor education: Threaded pathways to belonging. In T. Gray, & D. Mitten (Eds.), The Palgrave international handbook of women and outdoor learning (pp. 55-74). Springer International.

Australian Government. Department of Education and Training. (2018). Australian early development census (AEDC).

Bagley, M. (2017). Mount Vesuvius & Pompeii: Facts & history. Live Science.

Bahr, S. J., Siclovan, D. M., Opper, K., Beiler, J., Bobay, K. L., & Weiss, M. E. (2017). Interprofessional health team communication about hospital discharge: An implementation science evaluation study. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 32(4), 285-292.

Commonwealth of Australia. (2018). Closing the gap: Prime Minister’s report 2018.

Decompression. (2017). In E. Martin, & T. McFerran, (Eds.) A Dictionary of nursing (7th ed.). Oxford University Press.

Epstein, J. L. (2018). School, family, and community partnerships: Preparing educators and improving schools. Westview Press.

Francis. (2015). Ecclesia de Eucharistia. Encyclical on climate change & inequality: on care for our common home. Melville House.

Hoffmann, T., Bennett, S., & Del Mar, C. (2017). Evidence-based practice: Across the health professions (3rd ed.). Elsevier.!/browse/book/3-s2.0-C20160032369

John Paul II. (2003). Ecclesia de Eucharistia.

Liamputtong, P. (Ed.). (2016). Research methods in health: Foundations for evidence-based practice (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press.

Mental Health Act 2014 (Vic).

Sheninger, E. (2018, June 6). Reflective learning as the new normal. A Principal's Reflections.