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Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.



  • The heading “References” is centred at the top of the list
  • Double space the list of references with no extra line space between references
  • The second and subsequent lines of a reference have a hanging indent
  • The references are arranged alphabetically by author family name
  • If there is no author move the title to the author position.
  • Same author/s same year use (2015a) (2015b) arrange alphabetically first by author then by title
  • Spell out the full name of a group author e.g. Australian Catholic University

Reference list


Allen-Craig, S., & Carpenter, C. (2018). Outdoor education: Threaded pathways to belonging. In T. Gray, & D. Mitten (Eds.), The Palgrave international handbook of women and outdoor learning (pp. 55-74). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-53550-0_4

Australian Government. Department of Education and Training. (2018). Australian early development census (AEDC). Retrieved from

Bagley, M. (2017). Mount Vesuvius & Pompeii: Facts & History. Retrieved from vesuvius-pompeii.html

Commonwealth of Australia. (2018). Closing the Gap: Prime Minister’s Report 2018. Retrieved from

Decompression. (2017). In E. Martin, & T. McFerran, (Eds.) A Dictionary of nursing (7th ed.). doi:10.1093/acref/9780198788454.001.0001

Epstein, J.L. (2018). School, family, and community partnerships: Preparing educators and improving schools. Retrieved from

Francis. (2015). Ecclesia de Eucharistia. Encyclical on climate change & inequality: on care for our common home. Brooklyn, NY : Melville House.

Forero, R., McDonnell, G., Gallego, B., McCarthy, S., Mohsin, M., Shanley, C., ...Hillman, K. (2012). A literature review on care at the end-of-life in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine International, 2012, 486516. doi:10.1155/2012/486516

Hoffmann, T., Bennett, S., & Del Mar, C. (2017). Evidence-based practice: Across the health professions (3rd ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier.

John Paul II. (2003). Ecclesia de Eucharistia. Retrieved from

Liamputtong, P. (Ed.). (2016). Research methods in health: Foundations for evidence-based practice (3rd ed.). South Melbourne, Vic.: Oxford University Press.

Mental Health Act 2014 (Vic). Available from

Sheninger, E. (2018, June 6). Reflective Learning as the New Normal [Blog post]. Retreived July 4, 2018 from