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Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

The Bible, Qur'an, Torah

Reference list

Not required


(Book Chapter:Verse, Version)

(Matthew 5:16, New Revised Standard Version)

(Qur'an 16:128)


  • Version information is only required the first time you cite the text.
  • If directly quoting the text, page numbers are not required as the chapter and verse information is sufficient.

Vatican documents

Reference list

Published as a print book

Author. (Year). Title. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Francis. (2015). Ecclesia de Eucharistia. Encyclical on climate change & inequality: on care for our common home. Brooklyn, NY : Melville House.

Found online

Author. (Year). Title. Retrieved from http://URL

John Paul II. (2003). Ecclesia de Eucharistia. Retrieved from


(Francis, 2015) or Pope Francis (2015) declared…

"Through divine revelation, God chose to show forth and communicate Himself..." (Dei Verbum, #6)

" Therefore both sacred tradition and Sacred Scripture are to be accepted and venerated with the same sense of loyalty and reverence." (DV, #9)


  • Use Pope's name as author in reference list, not including the title "Pope".
  • If directly quoting the text found online, use paragraph number (para.) in place of page number, e.g. (John Paul II, 2003, para. 3)
  • The following are some common abbreviations for church documents:

CCC    Catechism of the Catholic Church

CS      The Catholic School

CST    Catholic Social Thought

CST    Catholic Social Teaching

CT      Catechesi Tradendae

DV      Dei Verbum

GDC   General Directory for Catechesis (1997)

RDE   The Religious Dimension of education in a Catholic School

REF   The Renewal of the Education of Faith

  • The first time a church document is cited, it must be referred to in full.  Subsequent citations may use the abbreviation
  • When a church document is cited, the section number must be included (#4)