Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Online article (PDF)

Reference list

With doi

Author, A. A.  Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page-page. doi:xxxx

Bahr, S. J., Siclovan, D. M., Opper, K., Beiler, J., Bobay, K. L., & Weiss, M. E. (2017). Interprofessional health team communication about hospital discharge. An implementation science evaluation study. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 32, 285-292. doi:10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000238

Without doi

Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Author, C. C.  (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page–page. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Lovett, S., Dempster, N., & Fluckiger, B. (2014). Educational leadership with indigenous partners. Leading & Managing, 20, 1-10. Retrieved from https://search.informit.com.au/

In-text

(Bahr et al., 2017) or (Bahr et al., 2017, p. 286) or Bahr et al. (2017) commented that …

(Lovett, Dempster, & Fluckiger, 2014, pp. 2-3)

Notes

  • All online articles need to have a doi or http://xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • The doi is a digital object identifier assigned by the publisher to most journal articles
  • Look for the doi on the first page of the article
  • Use the home page of the database or the journal home page for the http://xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • When there are 6 or more authors use the name of the first author followed by et al. in-text
  • Capitalise each main word of the Journal Title
  • The volume number is always in italics
  • Use Issue numbers only if each issue begins on page 1. If the pages are continuous (most common) it is not necessary to include the issue number.
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Online article (no PDF)

Reference list

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number, document number (if available). doi:xxxx

Forero, R., McDonnell, G., Gallego, B., McCarthy, S., Mohsin, M., Shanley, C.,  ...Hillman, K. (2012). A literature review on care at the end-of-life in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine International, 2012, 486516. doi:10.1155/2012/486516

In-text

(Forero et al. 2012, para. 8) or Forero et al. (2012, para. 8) observed the following….

Notes

  • Open access journal sites such as Biomed Central or PlosOne have document numbers rather than issue numbers
  • If there is no pdf and no page numbers provided use paragraph numbers
  • If there is no doi use the http://xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • If there are 8 or more authors on a paper enter the first 6 then … (3 dots) and the last author listed
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Open access journal article

Reference list

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number, document number (if available). doi:xxx

Coetsee, C., & Terblanche, E. (2017). The effect of three different exercise training modalities on cognitive and physical function in a healthy older population. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 14,13. doi:10.1186/s11556-017-0183-5

In-text

(Coetsee & Terblanche, 2017, p. 8) or Coetsee and Terblanche (2014) claim that….

Notes

  • Open access journal sites such as Biomed Central or PlosOne have document numbers rather than issue numbers
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Advance online publishing

Reference list

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of posting). Title of article. Journal Title. Advance online publication. doi:xxxx

Bourke, R., O’Neill, J. & Loveridge, J. (2018). Children’s conceptions of informal and everyday learning. Oxford Review of Education. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/03054985.2018.1450238

In-text

(Bourke, O’Neill, & Loveridge, 2018) or Bourke, O’Neill and Loveridge (2018) explained …

Notes

  • There will not be any volume or issue details because it has not been published yet in a journal
  • Use the phrase Advance online publication after the title of the journal instead of the volume and issue details
  • The date will be the year that it was first published online
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format