Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Social media post

Bibliography

Author last Name, First Name (username). "Title of post". Type of post, Month Day, Year. http://xxxxxxxxxxxx.
Pete Souza (@petesouza), “President Obama bids farewell to President Xi of China at the conclusion of the Nuclear Security Summit”. Instagram photo, April 1, 2016. https://www.instagram.com/p/BDrmfXTtNCt/.

Footnote

First Footnote

1. Pete Souza (@petesouza), “President Obama bids farewell to President Xi of China at the conclusion of the Nuclear Security Summit,” Instagram photo, April 1, 2016, https://www.instagram.com/p/BDrmfXTtNCt/.

Subsequent Footnotes

4. Souza, “President Obama.”

Notes

  • Type of post refers to the social media service and type of content, e.g. Tweet, Facebook post, Instagram photo, etc.
  • Include author's real name, or organisation name, plus social media account username (if different to their full name - for Facebook posts the personal or organisation name is sufficient).
  • If only the username is known, use this in place of the author’s name.
  • Quote up to the first 160 characters of a post as the title.
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Blog post

Bibliography

Author Last name, First name. "Title of article". Title of blog (blog). Month Day, Year. http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.
Polansky, Iva. “The Noon Girl: La Midinette”. Victorian Paris (blog). June 1, 2018. https://victorianparis.wordpress.com/2018/06/01/the-noon-girl-la-midinette/.

Footnote

First Footnote

1. Iva Polansky, “The Noon Girl: La Midinette”, Victorian Paris (blog), June 1, 2018, https://victorianparis.wordpress.com/2018/06/01/the-noon-girl-la-midinette/.

Subsequent Footnotes

4. Polansky, “The Noon Girl".

Notes

  • If the author's given name is provided, use the full name
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are caplitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • The author is inverted for the Bibliography but not for the footnotes
  • The second line of the Bibliography entry is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • The first footnote includes all of the publication information
  • Subsequent footnotes of the same source include only the author’s surname and the blog name
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format