Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Print book

Bibliography

Author Last name, First name. Title of Book. Location of publication: Publisher, year of publication.

Barrett, Terry. Why is That Art? New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

In-text

First Footnote

1. Terry Barrett, Why is that Art? (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017), 40.

Subsequent Footnotes

5. Barrett, Why is that Art? 42.

Notes

  • If the author's given name is provided, use the full name
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are caplitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • If the book is not a first edition, place the edition number after the title of the book, eg: Book Title. 2nd ed.)
  • The author is inverted for the Bibliography but not for the footnotes
  • The second line of the Bibliography entry is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • The first footnote includes all of the publication information
  • Subsequent footnotes of the same source include only the author’s surname, the book title, and the page number(s)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and bibliography format

Edited book

Bibliography

Editor Last name, First name, ed(s). Title of Book, Location of publication: Publisher, year of publication.

Lack, Jessica, ed. Why are we ‘artists’?: 100 world art manifistos Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 2017

In-text

First Footnote

4. Jessica Lark, ed., Why are we ‘artists’?: 100 world art manifestos, (Harmondsworth,U.K.: Penguin, 2017), 217

Subsequent Footnotes

5. Lark, Why are we ‘artists’?: 100 world art manifestos, 71-73

Notes

  • If the editor's given name is provided, use the full name
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are caplitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • If the book is not a first edition, place the edition number after the title of the book, eg: Book Title. 2nd ed.)
  • The editor is inverted for the Bibliography but not for the footnotes
  • The second line of the Bibliography entry is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • The first footnote includes all of the publication information
  • Subsequent footnotes of the same source include only the author’s surname, the book title, and the page number(s)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and bibliography format

Chapter in an edited book

Bibliography

Chapter Author's Surname, First name. "Chapter Title." In Title of Book, edited by First name Last name, page number(s). Location of Publication: Publisher's Name, Year of Publication.

Simmons, J. Aaron. "Continental Philosophy." In The Oxford  Handbook of the Epistemology of Theology. edited by William Abraham and Frederick Aquino, 564-577. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017

In-Text

First Footnote

2. J Aaron Simmons, "Continental Philosophy," in The Oxford Handbook of the Epistemology of Theology. ed, William  Abraham and Frederick Aquino (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017)

Subsequent Footnotes

4. Simmons, "Continental Philosophy," 575

Notes

  • If the author's given name is provided, use the full name
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are capitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • If the book is not the first edition, place the edition number after the title of the book, eg: Book Title.  2nd ed
  • The author is inverted for the Bibliography but not for the Footnotes
  • The second line of the Bibliography is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • Subsequent footnotes of the same source include only the author's surname. the book title, and the page number(s)
  • For multiple authors, check the author layout table for in-text and Bibliography format

Ebook

Bibliography

With doi

Author Surname, First name. Title of book. Location of publication: Publisher, year of publication. doi: xxxxxxxxxx

Rowland, Tracey. Catholic Theology. London: T&T Clark, 2017. 10.5040/9780567661807

Without doi

Author Surname, First name. Title of book. Location of publication: Publisher, year of publication. http://xxxxxxxx

Westgeest, Helen. Video Art Theory: A Comparative Approach. West Sussex, U.K.: Wilely Blackwell, 2016. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/acu/detail.action?docID=2006078

In-text

First Footnote with doi

1. Tracy Rowland. Catholic Theology. (London: T&T Clark, 2017), 47, doi: 10.5040/9780567661807

Subsequent Footnotes with doi

3. Rowland, Catholic Theology, 78

First Footnote without doi

1. Helen Westgeest, Video Art Theory: A Comparative Approach (West Sussex, U.K.: Wilely Blackwell, 2016), 118-119, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/acu/detail.action?docID=2006078

Subsequent Footnotes without doi

3. Westgeest, Video Art Theory: A Comparative Approach, 163

Notes

  • If the author's given name is provided, use the full name
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are caplitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • If the book is not a first edition, place the edition number after the title of the book, eg: Book Title. 2nd ed.)
  • The author is inverted for the Bibliography but not for the footnotes
  • The second line of the Bibliography entry is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • The first footnote includes all of the publication information
  • Subsequent footnotes of the same source include only the author’s surname, the book title, and the page number(s)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and bibliography format

Chapter in an edited ebook

Bibliography

With doi

Chapter Author's Surname, First name. "Chapter Title." In Title of Book, edited by First name Last name, page number(s). Location of Publication: Publisher's Name, Year of Publication. doi

Assis, Tiago. "Maternal Language and Ict." In Art and Technology, edited by Luisa Menano and Patricia Fidalgo, 1-19. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2017. doi 10.1007/978-94-6300-863-1

Without doi

Chapter Author's Surname, First name. "Chapter Title." In Title of Book,  edited by First name Last name, page number(s). Location of Publication: Publisher's Name, Year of Publication. http://xxxxxxxxxx

Oprescu, Florin. "The Power and Subversiveness of Literature." In Art and Intercultural Dialogue, edited by Susana Goncalves and Suzanne Majhanovich. 97-112. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2016.https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-94-6300-423-7

In-text

With doi - First Footnote

1. Tiago Assis, "Maternal Language and Ict." In Art and Technology, ed. Luisa Menano & Patricia Fidalgo (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2017) 110, doi 10.1007/978-94-6300-863-1

Subsequent Footnotes

5. Assis, "Maternal Language and Ict", 17

Without doi - First Footnote

5. Florin Oprescu, "The Power and Subversiveness of Literature." In Art and Intercultural Dialogue, ed. Susana Goncalves & Suzanne Majhanovich (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2016), 98

Subsequent Footnotes

7. Oprescu, " The Power and Subversiveness of Literature," 100

Notes

  • If the author's given name is provided, use the full name
  • Words in the titles and subtitles are capitalised, except articles and prepositions
  • If the book is not the first edition, place the edition number after the title of the book, eg: Book Title. 2nd ed
  • The author is inverted for the Bibliography but not for the Footnotes
  • The second line of the Bibliography is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • Subsequent footnotes of the same source include only the author's surname. the book title, and the page number(s)
  • For multiple authors, check the author layout table for in-text and Bibliography format

Encyclopedias & dictionaries

Bibliography

Author's surname, first name. Title edition number. Location of Publication: Name of Publisher, Year of Publication

Browning, W.R.F. A Dictionary of the Bible. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. doi:10.1093/acref/9780199543984.001.0001

In-text

1. W.R.F. Browning, "Obed" in A Dictionary of the Bible (Oxford University Press, 2010)

4. Merriam Webster S.V. "Crusade," accessed August 14th, 2008, https://www.merriam-webster.com

Notes

  • Well known reference works, such as major dictionaries and encylopedias, are not cited in the Bibliography. They are cited in the Footnotes only
  • s.v. (sub verbo) means under the word
  • If there is no listed author, start the entry from the title
  • If the reference work is online, add the doi or the url
  • If the author of the entry is different from the author of the reference work, follow the guide for Chapter in an Edited Book
  • The second line of the Bibliography is indented
  • The first line of the Footnote entry is indented
  • For multiple authors, check the author layout table for in-text and Bibliography format