Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Newspapers

Reference list

News database

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of newspaper. Retrieved from http://database homepage

Morton, R. (2018, June 7). State homelessness jumps 37pc in five years. The Australian. Retrieved from https://global.factiva.com


News website

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of newspaper. Retrieved from http://newspaper homepage

Triggs, G. (2018, June 15). Elder abuse is the hidden face of domestic violence. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/au

In-text

(Morton, 2018) or (Morton, 2018, para. 6)

Notes

  • Capitalise all the main words in the newspaper title
  • Use the home page http://xxxxxxxxxx as the web address can change
  • Include the month and day of publication as well as the year
  • If there is no author use the title of the article both in-text and in the reference list e.g. Co-mingling bins cause contamination. (2018, July 4).
  • If there are no page numbers or the article is long use the paragraph no. e.g. para. 10
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Online video

Reference list

Author, A. (Year, Month day). Title of work [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Person or organisation who posted the video. (Year, Month day). Title of the video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Genova, L. (2017, April). Lisa Genova: What can you do to prevent Alzheimer’s [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com

TED. (2017, May 19). Lisa Genova: What can you do to prevent Alzheimer’s [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=twG4mr6Jov0

In-text

(Genova, 2017) or Genova (2017) stated that ..

(TED 2017) or TED (2017)

Notes

  • Videos can be in more than one site. Reference the one you accessed.
  • On some platforms the author is the person or organisation who posts the video rather than the presenter
  • Use the description [Video file] after the title of the work to describe an online video
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Streaming video (TV)

Reference list

Author, A. A. (Contribution). (year). Title of episode [Television series episode]. In B. B. Executive producer, Title of programme [streaming video]. Place of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Brockie, J. (Presenter). (2018). The exercise pill [Television series episode]. In Insight [Streaming video]. Australia: SBS. Retrieved from https://www.sbs.com.au/ondemand/program/insight

In-text

(Mosely as cited in Brockie, 2018) or Michael Mosely (as cited in Brockie, 2018) observed …

Notes

  • If you cannot find any of the elements of a citation leave them out and include what is available
  • Use “as cited in” when you are quoting another person apart from the listed author or presenter
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Film from a database

Reference list

Director / Producer, A. A. (Contribution). (Year). Title of video [Format]. Country of origin: Studio. Retrieved from http://database homepage

Weis, N. (Producer). (2015). Milk: The politics of infant feeding [Documentary]. Canada: Filmblanc. Retrieved from https://acu.kanopy.com/

In-text

(Weis, 2015) or Weis (2015) portrays the difficulty…

Notes

  • Place the major contributors in the author position. Identify their contribution in brackets.
  • This (Contribution) description can be used for Producers Directors or writers in the case of TV series
  • Describe the type of film in square brackets after the title e.g. [Motion picture] [Short film] [Documentary]
  • Provide the database homepage for the http://xxxxxxx
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

TV show from a database

Reference List

Author, A. A. (Contribution). (Year). Title of episode [Television episode] In Title of program [Television series]. Place of Publication: Publisher. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxx

Thompson, P. (Host). (2010). David Suzuki [Television Episode] In Talking heads [Television Series]. Sydney: ABC. Retrieved from https://edutv.informit.com.au/watch-screen.php?videoID=96351   

In-text

(Thompson, 2010)

Notes

  • In brackets after the named person identify their contribution e.g. (Speaker) (Presenter) (Producer)
  • Provide the full http://xxxxxxxxxx
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Podcast

Reference list

Author, A. A. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of work [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Malcolm, L. (Presenter). (2018, May 20). Creativity and your brain [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/radionational

In-text

(Malcolm, 2018)

Notes

  • In brackets after the named person identify their contribution e.g. (Speaker) (Presenter) (Producer)
  • Use the phrase Audio podcast in square brackets after the title
  • Provide the full http://xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format