Referencing

Need help with referencing styles? Start with this helpful guide.

Online drug guides

Reference list

Drug name. (Year). In Title of the resource. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Methotrexsate. (2018). In MIMS Online. Retrieved from www.mimsonline.com.au

Diazepam. (2018). In Australian Medicines Handbook. Retrieved from https://amhonline.amh.net.au/

In-text

(Diazepam, 2018) or Diazepam (2018)

Notes

  • Use only the web address of the drug resource homepage not the whole URL
  • The date is the last update for the drug always found either at the top or bottom of the information

UpToDate

Reference list

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of the entry. In Deputy editor (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved month day, year, from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Gaieski, D. F., & Mikkelsen, M. E. (2018). Definition, classification, etiology, and pathophysiology of shock in adults. In P. E. Parsons (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved July 17, 2018, from www.uptodate.com

In-text

(Gaieski & Mikkelsen, 2018) or Gaieski and Mikkelsen (2018, para 5) “shock is the…”

Notes

  • The authors of the entry are the authors to cite
  • Use the name of the deputy editor/s listed with the entry
  • Provide a retrieval date as the information is changed and updated frequently
  • For direct quotes use the paragraph number
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Joanna Briggs: Best practice series

Reference list

Joanna Briggs Institute. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, vol(issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Joanna Briggs Institute. (2014). Effectiveness and safety of influenza vaccination during pregnancy. Best Practice: evidence-based information sheets for health professionals. 18(13):1-5. Retrieved from http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com

In-text

(Joanna Briggs Institute, 2014)

Notes

  • The periodical may appear as Best Practice: Evidence-Based Information Sheets for Health Professionals, or it may appear as JBI Database of Best Practice Information Sheets and Technical Reports. Use the name that appears on the sheet you are citing
  • Direct quotes always require page number

Joanna Briggs: Evidence summaries

Reference list

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. [Evidence summary]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Jayasekara, Rasika. (2018). Shoulder Pain: Nursing Assessment and Management. [Evidence summary]. Retrieved from http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com

In-text

(Jayasekara, 2018)

Notes

  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format
  • Direct quotes always require page numbers

Clinical Practice Guidelines

Reference List

Author. (Year). Title of document (Report number if provided). Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Australian Government Department of Health. (2018). Clinical Practice Guidelines: Pregnancy care. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/4BC0E3DE489BE54DCA258231007CDD05/$File/Pregnancy %20care%20guidelines%206June18.pdf

In-text

(Australian Government Department of Health, 2018) or The Australian Government Department of Health (2018) outlines…

Notes

  • Use the government department responsible for the publication or report as the author
  • Acronyms for long organisational names can be used, if the acronym is added in brackets after first use, e.g. 
    • First citation: (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2018)
    • Subsequent citations: (NMBA, 2018)
  • For multiple authors check the author layout table for in-text and reference list format

Kits

Reference list

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., & Author, D. D. (Year). Title [Kit] (xx ed.). Location: Publisher.

Folstein, M.F., Folstein, S. E., White, T., & Messer, M. A. (2010) Mini-mental state examination [Kit] (2nd ed.). Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

In-text

(Fostein, Folstein, White & Messer, 2010) or Folstein, Folstein, White and Messer (2010)

 

DSM-5

Reference List

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author

Individual chapters (print)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Chapter title. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Neurodevelopment disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author

Individual chapters (online)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Chapter title. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. doi

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Neurodevelopment disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm01

First In-text citation 

        The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013)....    

Second In-text citation

         The DSM-5 states that.....(American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

 

Notes

  • Individual parts and chapters of the DSM-5 have their own individual doi
  • The abbreviated acronym can be used only after the full title has been referred to previously in the text
  • For more information and examples, check the APA blogpost on DSM-5