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Unit Outline readings

Group of students

Each Unit you are enrolled in has a Unit Outline with a section titled 'Texts and References'. This is a list of required and recommended readings for your Unit.

Here is an example of a typical list of texts and references. It includes scholarly sources like books, book chapters and journal articles. The information listed about each item in the reading list is called a reference or citation.  

Make life easier for yourself! Distinguish the difference between references for books and eBooks, book chapters, journal articles and webpages, then find them using Library Search or online.

Types of Texts and References

Here's an example of a book reference: 

Carlson, B. (2016). The politics of identity. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.        

Please note that a book reference will have the book title (in italics).  It will also list a publisher and a place of publication.

Here are some examples of ebook references:

Jacobs, K.T. (2016). Social media, parties, and political inequalities. doi:10.1057/9781137533906    


Winston, J. P. (2016). Dignity of the human person: An introduction. Retrieved from     

Instead of publication details, eBook references include a doi (digital object identifier) or a URL.

Here's an example of a book chapter reference:

Wicks, T. S. (2016). Ethical contexts. In J. Abrak & D. S. Jones (Eds.), Society, science and spirit (pp. 112-145). Frenchs Forest, Australia: Dunder Mifflin.

Book chapter references look like book references, except you will see:

  • Both chapter author/s and book editor/s 
  • Two titles: a chapter title and a book title (in italics)
  • The word 'In' in the reference

Ebook chapters will have a doi or a URL instead of publication details. 

Here's an example of a journal article reference:  

Smith, E. E. (2009). Undergraduate perceptions of social media in their learning. Computers and Education, 103 (1), 210-297 doi:10.1016/i.compedu.2016.09.009.

To recognise a journal article, look for:

  • Volume, issue and page numbers (the article above is in volume 103, issue 1, at page 210) 
  • Two titles: an article title and a journal title (in italics)  
  • A doi or URL if the journal article is available online
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